Fewer women who suffer a heart attack would die
if they were given the same treatments as men,
according to researchers.
They analysed the outcomes of 180,368 Swedish
patients who suffered a heart attack over a 10-
year period.
Women were two times more likely to die from
the most serious type of heart attack than men in
the year after having one.
Researcher believe it is due to differences in the
care given.
The team from the University of Leeds and the
Karolinska Institute in Sweden analysed data
from Sweden's online cardiac registry.
They found women were on average less likely
than men to receive the recommended treatments
after a potentially fatal type of heart attack called
a STEMI.
This is the most serious type of heart attack
where the coronary artery is completely blocked
by a blood clot and it requires urgent treatment.
Gender differences
In the study, women who had a STEMI were 34%
less likely to receive procedures which clear
blocked arteries, such as bypass surgery and
stents.
They were also 24% less likely to be prescribed
statin medication, which helps to prevent a
second heart attack, and 16% less likely to be
given aspirin, which helps to prevent blood clots.
This is despite guidelines suggesting all three
treatments should be given to both genders.
The study found that when women did receive all
the recommended treatments, the gap in mortality
between the sexes decreased in almost all
circumstances.